Origin and History of the Australian Shepherd
The history of the breed Australian Shepherd Misty.
There is a version that dogs came to the United States in the company of Basque expats from Spain, where herds were herded. Others are convinced that these dogs entered their new homeland through the Bering Isthmus. Another version: when the gold rush began in 1849, representatives of many countries migrated en masse to California, including Australians who brought herd dogs with them. And finally, some consider the ancestors of the Australian Shepherd to be coolie - an English shepherd breed of dog, similar in type to the Australian Shepherd.
One thing is clear: the breed was formed in the West of the USA in the 19-20 centuries. And for the first breeders, the main thing in the Australian Shepherd was workability, not the exterior.
Aussies tolerate elevations, so they became indispensable for cattle drives in the Rocky Mountains. Australian Shepherds began to breed in Colorado, but they soon became famous outside the state.
Why the name "Aussie" is also attached to the Australian Shepherds is not known exactly. Although they were called differently: and California Shepherd, and Mexican, and Austrian.
American farmers loved Australian shepherds very much: they phenomenally quickly adapted to living conditions on any farm and were famous for their amazing understanding with the owner. And the shepherd instinct in them is so strong that even very small puppies are almost ready shepherds!
The Australian Aussie Shepherd style is different from the Border Collie style. Australian Shepherds do not fall to the ground, do not lower their heads, and generally work more quickly with cattle.
At that time, the Australian Aussie Shepherd Dogs were not a homogeneous breed. And until the 40s of the 20th century, no coordinated breeding work was carried out. Selection was carried away by only a few enthusiasts.
The main role in creating the Australian Shepherd breed belongs to the American cowboy Jay Sisler from Idaho. Jay earned demonstrations at a rodeo, and in 1939 bought an Aussie without a pedigree. Thanks to this dog, he became interested in breeding Australian Shepherds, and later made it his profession.